DaVinci 1.0 – Conversion To Laser Etcher

With my DaVinci 1.0 3D printer proving to be useless as a printer I was looking for a way to repurpose the machine. After creating a few electronics enclosures I needed a way to label the terminal connections and that got me thinking about converting the old printer to a laser engraver. A quick google search gave me this Instructable which I referenced for the installation and software. I purchased this laser module from Amazon: Laser Head for DIY CNC 3 Axis Engraver Machine.

Installation

Since the printer would no longer continue life as a printer I removed the hot end and extruder and was left with the y carriage. To mount the module I printed up a quick mounting bracket that utilizes the original mounting holes on the y carriage. Some modification was needed to make clearance for the mounting bolts on the laser module, of course the Dremel and cutoff wheel made quick work of that.

2017-04-30 12.17.372017-04-30 12.17.53

The only connection on the laser was 12VDC power, I will be able to control the laser by turning on and off the power. The Instuctable I was loosely following uses the cooling fan to control the laser but that particular printer has a 12VDC cooling fan, the DaVinci 1.0 uses a 5VDC cooling fan. I threw together a quick circuit that allows the 5VDC fan signal to control 12VDC power to the laser.

laser_circuit

2017-04-30 13.22.38
Laser Control Circuit

Software

Again the Instructable I was following suggest to use Inkscape with a svg to laser gcode extension from J-Tech. This works great for engraving outlines of text or cutting shapes but I wanted to be able to etch filled in images and words so because of that I purchased Laser Etch B/W from the makers of the Inkscape extension. The Inkscape extension and the purchased software so far is easy to use and works for everything I want to do.

The Results

This turned out to be an easy conversion and I am happy with the results. I have some settings to tweak for getting the perfect marking in 3D prints but that is all software related.

I have uploaded all stl files and Fusion 360 files to Thingiverse: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:2437495

2017-04-30 12.56.44
Ok laser marking, looks like I need to move a little faster to avoid excessive melting
2017-04-30 12.56.57
Testing the setup on paper
2017-04-30 13.03.38
Etching PLA
2017-04-30 13.15.07
The final marking for my cycle counter enclosure
2017-04-30 13.12.22
Safety is a must have.
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20 thoughts on “DaVinci 1.0 – Conversion To Laser Etcher

      1. Yes, the inkscape plug-in and the purchased software from JTech work with the firmware as is. I think most other software can behave this way. The laser is turned on and off with the g-code command that normally controls the layer cooling fan. The x and y axis are moved normally and the z-axis is ignored by the software.

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      2. Can you show where you get the 5V from? A few pictures would be great. is the M106 is on and M107 is on for Davinci?

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      3. The 5V is from the extruder cooling fan on the DaVinci, you disconnect this fan and use that 5V as a signal line to control the 12V to the laser module. I can’t show you any pictures since my DaVinci has already been modified. If you need to find the fan connector on the control board is should be labeled on the silkscreen next to a 4 pin JST connector. And yes M106 and M107 turn on and off this fan/laser control.

        The Instructable I linked to at the beginning of the post may provide a few more answers too.

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      4. Hello SAM, thanks for the instruction.

        the Mosfet you listed from amazon, seems like it is designed to receive a signal from a controlling source. (Arduino). How can I apply it to the DaVinci 1.0 5vdc FAN power source to control 12vdc laser module?

        I see V+ and V- is for the load (laser module). Vin and Gnd is for the 5vdc (Fan power source).

        SIG, VCC, and GND. what do I need to do with those?

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    1. The 5V fan power will become the control signal. The +5V of the fan connects to the SIG. You run a 12V line from on the control board to Vin. The ground gets connected to ground. The laser connects between V+ and V-. I am not really sure but Vcc may be connected to Vin, you would have to see if the seller provides documentation or test it with a multimeter if you buy it. Or buy something similar from Sparkfun/Adafruit and they will offer more documentation and possibly a few tutorials. I suggest you read up on MOSFETS to better understand how to use them as a switch, Sparkfun and Adafruit have tutorials. Youtube also has many great videos from EEV Blog and Afrotechmods on MOSFETS as a switch just to name a few.

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    2. Sam,

      can you please check if your DaVinci’s LCD menu have FAN option?

      Looks like M106 / M107 is being ignored. My LCD menu does not have a FAN option. You mentioned you used the repeatier host default configuration file which I did the same.

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      1. Yeah, I have a fan option. I may have modified the config file, honestly I don’t remember since it was when it was still a 3D printer. Go through the config file and see if there is an option to set it.

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  1. I’ve been looking all over for an instructable on how to do this since I’m retiring my 1.0. Do you have the stl file for your mount and a link to the laser you used?

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